Studies in the metabolism of growing Torulopsis utilis under aerobic conditions by Erik Sperber

Cover of: Studies in the metabolism of growing Torulopsis utilis under aerobic conditions | Erik Sperber

Published by Almqvist & Wiksells boktryckeri-a-b; [etc., etc.] in Stockholm .

Written in English

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Subjects:

  • Yeast.,
  • Metabolism.

Edition Notes

Book details

Statementby Erik Sperber. With 20 figures in the text ...
SeriesArkiv för kemi, mineralogi och geologi, utgivet av K. Svenska vetenskapsakademien,, B. 21 A. n:o 3
Classifications
LC ClassificationsQR151 .S75
The Physical Object
Pagination136 p. incl. illus., tables, diagrs.
Number of Pages136
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL6058179M
LC Control Number49034004
OCLC/WorldCa27271926

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Author(s): Sperber,Erik Title(s): Studies in the metabolism of growing Torulopsis utilis under aerobic conditions/ by Erik Sperber. Country of Publication: Netherlands Publisher: Upsala: Almqvist & Wiksells boktryckeri-a-b, Part of the Handbuch der Pflanzenphysiologie / Encyclopedia of Plant Physiology book series (, volume 8) Zusammenfassung Viele Pilze sind hinsichtlich ihres Stickstoffumsatzes anormal, dadurch daß sie Stickstoff-heterotroph : Niels Nielsen.

Jirku, in Progress in Biotechnology, Materials and methods. Candida utilis was obtained from the culture collection of the Prague Institute of Chemical Technology. It was grown aerobically in a rotary shaker at 28 °C in Olson-Johnson [1] synthetic medium (pH ).

The washed cells were prepared for immobilization by suspension in 50 mM citrate-phosphate. Xylose fermentation is essential in converting lignocellulosic material to biofuels in order to make an economically feasible process. Scheffersomyces stipitis is a native strain with the highest known capability of converting xylose to ethanol by fermentation.

Since S. stipitis is a respiratory yeast strain, the oxygen availability is a critical parameter to consider for ethanol optimization. The aerobic incubation of iron-deficient Torulopsis utilis cells for 12h under non-growing conditions results in the recovery by mitochondria of the previously absent site 1.

studies in the metabolism of crassulacean plants: the effect of temperature upon the culture of excised leaves of bryophyllum calycinum George W. Pucher, Charles S. Leavenworth, Wanda D. Ginter, and Hubert Bradford VickeryCited by: The present authors have observed similar morphological changes during iron-limited growth of Torulopsis utilis, although the effect has not always been entirely predictable.

Regardless of whether or not these gross morphological changes occur in response to iron-limited growth of T. utilis, these conditions always produce marked changes in the subcellular morphology visible Cited by: Secondary Metabolism in Microorganisms, Plants, and Animals 3rd ed.

Softcover reprint of the original 3rd ed. EditionFormat: Paperback. METABOLISM I EXPERIMENT: In this lab, you will set up an experiment in which you will grow plants under a variety of environmental conditions, including different combinations of light and water.

After 1 or 2 weeks of growth, you will harvest your experiment and analyze your results. Aerobic chemoorganotrophs oxidize organic compounds for energy Obligate Aerobes Micrococcus: Gram-positive cocci Found in soil, dust particles, inanimate objects (fomites), skin Pigmented colonies Tolerate dry, salty conditions.

Free energy is the amount of available energy in a system with uniform temperature and pressure that can do work. This is usually just simply the amount of energy that can be used to things, such as how a cell can use chemical energy. aerobic fitness and inhibitory aspects of executive function-ing (Hillman, Erickson, & Kramer, ).

Aerobic fitness is the ability to sustain aerobic physical activities and describes the physiological limit to the rate at which an individual can deliver and consume oxygen (Rowland, ).

In TD 8- to. Energy metabolism in the tail musculature of Cherax destructor during escape behavior was studied by examining muscle ultrastructure, maximum activities of catabolic enzymes, changes in metabolites following exercise, and muscle buffering capacity and the effects of exercise on muscle pH.

Electron microscopy indicates that the muscle is fast phasic with limited capacity Cited by:   Candida utilis (formerly Torulopsis utilis) is the yeast known as Torula Yeast. L-PAC will be created, but the conditions under which baker's yeast proliferates would be different, and the end The title compd.

(I) is prepd. by aerobic fermentation of a soln. of % beet molasses, % MgSOH2O, % KH2PO4, % (NH4. Under aerobic conditions, reducing equivalents that are generated during glycolysis, the Krebs cycle and β -oxidation are reoxidized by the electron.

: Primary and Secondary Metabolism of Plant Cell Cultures (Proceedings in Life Sciences) (): Karl-Hermann Neumann: Books. The relative hydraulic conductivity (k) of xylem and resistance (R) to water flow through trunk, primary roots and branches in Picea abies trees growing under contrasting light conditions were investigated.

The xylem permeability to water was measured by forcing 10 mM water solution of KC1 through excised wood specimens. From the values of k, the sapwood Cited by: physiological studies on acid metabolism in green plants ii. evidence of co 2 fixation in bryophyllum and the study of diurnal variation of acidity in this genusCited by: Aerobic metabolism underlies complexity and capacity Lauren G.

Koch and Steven L. Britton Functional Genomics Laboratory, Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MIUSA The evolution of biological complexity beyond single-celled organisms was linked temporallyCited by: Plant Metabolism is created by Botany teachers & experts for students preparing for Botany syllabus.

Plant Metabolism will help everyone preparing for Botany syllabus with already students enrolled. Plant Metabolism is the best book for Botany/5(9). Below is a list of articles that will help you get a better understanding of the research background. These references have been formatted following the journal Ecology, which we use in this more information on how to format your bibiography click here.

There is also a list of journals where you may find additional useful information. Many yeast strains can function under both anaerobic as well as aerobic conditions of environment, switching their metabolism types easily.

Obviously, the courses of main metabolic pathways are conserved, but some regulative mechanisms attract the attention, denoting unusual metabolism flexibility [ 2 ].Cited by: 2. Traditionally the term ‘yeast’ means Saccharomyces cerevisiae and its close relatives.

This yeast is used in traditional fermentation processes, mainly for ethanol formation, baking, winemaking and beer production. The classical carbon substrates for typical yeast processes are glucose or sucrose, however, the successful expansion of industrial biotechnology drives research toward Cited by: 1.

Plant trehalosephosphate synthesis starts from two activated glucose metabolites central to metabolism. Trehalose is the α-1,1-linked glucose disaccharide and, consequently, a non-reducing stable sugar widely found in living cells of bacteria, archaea, fungi, invertebrates, and plants (Avonce et al., ).The synthesis of trehalose in plants is Cited by: Initially, the influence of temperature, medium pH, agitation and nitrogen source was assessed in shake flask studies.

Maximum tallow removal of 75% in hours was achieved under the optimal conditions of 25°C, pHrpm and g N L'1, irrespective of whether ammonium sulphate, urea or peptone was employed as the nitrogen : Sharon Davin.

For example, the older name Torula utilis became Torulopsis utilis, and both are synonyms of Candida utilis, which in turn is the anamorph of Pichia jadinii.

Table lists the names of teleomorph–anamorph pairs of the most important foodborne yeasts, and Table lists some frequently used synonyms.

to age in days or months but is more often a reflection of the conditions under which the plant develops. Leaves can become senescent and shed from the plant through the influence of a number of stress situations.

Such stresses, however, may be considered as injuries or unfavorable alterations of vital plant processes. Metabolism refers to all the chemical processes going on continuously inside your body that allow life and normal functioning (maintaining normal functioning in the body is called homeostasis).

These processes include those that break down nutrien. The standard metabolism and body mass of animals are related by the well established allometric equation: p (1) where the dependent variable 'P' represents the rate of basal (Homeotherms) or standard (Poikilotherms) energy metabolism, the independent variable 'M' the body mass of the animal, 'b' the mass exponent, and 'a' the mass coefficient.

Glycolyse generates 2 NADH en 2 ATP Conversion from pyruvate to lactate costs 1 NADH As there are two molecules of pyruvate generated per glucose molecule, there are only 2 ATP generated under anaerobic conditions, against 10 during aerobic conditions.

The Citric Acid Cycle generates an equivalent of 20 ATP. Since RsrA releases SigR under thiol-oxidative stress conditions, we may speculate that the initial phase of germination, being a transition from a dormant to a metabolically active state under aerobic conditions, generates oxidative stress.

Following its induction at t2-t3, the expression of SigR was diminished at t6-t7 (×).Cited by: The uptake and accumulation of large amount of Na+ and Cl-ions by plants under saline conditions could upset the activities of various enzymes and plant metabolism (Munns, ; De-lacerda et al., ).

Aerobic Fat Metabolism: About mmol/kg/s; Aerobic Carb Metabolism: About mmol/kg/s; Anaerobic Glycolysis: About mmol/kg/s; Phosphagen: About mmol/kg/s; So, in terms of pure capability, the phosphagen system is about twice as fast as anaerobic glycolysis, about four times as fast as aerobic glycolysis, and around eight times.

Metabolism Problem Set Problem 4: Dinitrophenol Dinitrophenol (DNP) is an uncoupler, or has the ability to separate the flow of electrons and the pumping of H + ions for ATP synthesis. This means that the energy from electron transfer cannot be used for ATP synthesis.

Selected publications (original scientific papers and review papers) in the field of plant metabolism under stress conditions. Buchanan B., Gruissem W., Jones R. Biochemistry and Molecular Biology of Plants. John Wiley & Sons. Jones R, Ougham H, Thomas H, Waaland S (). The Molecular Life of Plants.

John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Aim 1. Elucidate the influence of AMPK and PKA on gene expression and carbon fate. To achieve this aim, we will grow yeast with growth-limiting glucose supplies (in which AMPK is active and PKA is not) or excess glucose supplies (in which PKA is active and AMPK is not), monitor carbon fate, and carry out gene expression profiling.

Metabolism Problem Set Problem ATP Production The major production of ATP during aerobic metabolism occurs when electrons from _____ and _____ are transferred to _____. Tapiscia sinensis (Tapisciaceae) is a functional androdioecious species with both male and hermaphroditic individuals, and fruit ripening overlaps with flowering in the hermaphroditic individuals.

Pollen vitality was lower in the hermaphrodites than in the males. Anther development requires nutrients, and carbohydrates are the basic nutrients; abnormal Cited by: 5.

GENERAL BIOLOGY Lecture 22 - Plants: Morphology & Anatomy I. What is a plant. (refer to flow chart) II. General morphology A. Leaves - photosynthesis, transpiration 1. Types: simple vs. compound 2. Shape: entire (smooth), dentate (toothed), and lobed (indented) B. Stems - support 1.

Nodes: swelling where leaves, buds, and branches arise 2. Plant metabolism is defined as the complex of physical and chemical events of photosynthesis, respiration, and the synthesis and degradation of organic compounds. Photosynthesis produces the substrates for respiration and the starting organic compounds used as building blocks for subsequent biosynthesis of nucleic acids, amino acids, and.

Plant Physiol. Vol. 96, ' 2> W BARK ~~~~WOOD D 50 1 00 T &F PW In 6 WODA V. 30 60 90 DAYS FROM SEPTEMBER 21 Figure 1. Experiment 1. Starch (A) and sucrose (B) concentrations in bark and wood tissues of taproots of 'Hi-Phy' alfalfa from fallCited by:   The flux balance analysis (FBA) of the model quantified sugar metabolism, central carbon metabolism, photosynthesis, energy and redox metabolism, proton turnover, sucrose translocation from mesophyll to root and biomass growth under both dark- and light-growth conditions with corresponding growth either on CO 2 (in the light) or on starch (in Cited by: Summary.

This third book in the three-volume Plant Secondary Metabolites examines the relationship between environmental stress and the physiology of plants, leading to stimulation of secondary metabolites. Various stressors are discussed, including plant and soil interfaces, changing climate elements, essential plant nutrients, pest insects, plant pathogens and .

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