Assessing the potential for conservation tillage a case study in the Maple Creek watershed by Harold R Cosper

Cover of: Assessing the potential for conservation tillage | Harold R Cosper

Published by Natural Resource Economics Division, Economic Research Service, U.S. Dept. of Agriculture in Washington, D.C .

Written in English

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Subjects:

  • Conservation tillage -- Maple Creek Watershed (Colfax County-Dodge County, Neb.)

Edition Notes

Book details

StatementHarold R. Cosper, Merlin W. Erickson, Herbert Hoover
SeriesERS staff report -- no. AGES 821231, NRE staff report
ContributionsErickson, Merlin W, Hoover, Herbert, 1931-, United States. Dept. of Agriculture. Natural Resource Economics Division
The Physical Object
Pagination34 p. :
Number of Pages34
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL14845944M

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Get this from a library. Assessing the potential for conservation tillage: a case study in the Maple Creek watershed. [Harold R Cosper; Merlin W Erickson; Herbert Hoover; United States. Department of Agriculture.

Natural Resource Economics Division.]. Two-thirds of the land treated with conservation tillage in the Corn Belt in had an inherent sheet and rill erosion potential of less than 20 tons/acre~year, which is below the national average RKLS value of tons/acre~year reported for all cropland.

M.R. Carter, in Encyclopedia of Soils in the Environment, Introduction. Conservation tillage (CT) is an umbrella or generic term used to describe tillage systems that have the potential to conserve soil and water by reducing their loss relative to some form of conventional tillage.

Precise definitions of conservation tillage are only possible within the context of known crop species. Tillage is the agricultural preparation of soil by mechanical agitation of various types, such as digging, stirring, and overturning.

Examples of human-powered tilling methods using hand tools include shoveling, picking, mattock work, hoeing, and es of draft-animal-powered or mechanized work include ploughing (overturning with moldboards or chiseling with chisel shanks.

A Review of Tillage Practices and Their Potential to Impact the Soil Carbon Dynamics Chapter (PDF Available) in Advances in Agronomy January with 1, Reads How we measure 'reads'.

Tillage systems are often classified by the amount of surface residue left on the soil surface. Conservation tillage systems leave more than 30% of the soil surface covered with crop residue.

This amount of surface residue cover is considered to be at a level where erosion is significantly reduced (see figure ). Of course, this residue. Soil Conservation: Assessing the National Resources Inventory, The National Academies Press. doi: / erosion control practices conservation tillage, terrac- ing, contour farming, and stripcropping were recorded.

(Conservation tillage can be defined as any of Assessing the potential for conservation tillage book number of tillage systems that reduce loss of soil or water.

Conservation Tillage and Environmental Issues by David L. Schertz, National Agronomist, Soil Conservation Service, USDA, Washington, DC The research and development theof conservation tillage began in the early 's in reducethe United States but did not gain popularity until mid's.

Land users began accepting this practice order to. Conservation Tillage - Equipment 94 Specific Outcomes: At the end of this session students will: • Have an understanding of farm equipment and that will enable the employee to relate to the client.

• Understand the effects of equipment used in conventional tillage. • Be able to offer alternatives that will improve the resource concern. A sociological study of changing farming methods, Conservation Tillage and Cropping Innovation investigates those techniques that have gradually continued to replace the plow culture.

With thorough documentation of the conservation tillage and cropping revolution, this book features chapters on: The Social Construction of Innovative Networks Cited by: Conservation tillage practices tend to increase the tortuosity of surface runoff path and increase infiltration time.

Conservation tillage systems dominate regions of the country where farming is practiced on sloping lands, soil texture is conducive to crusting and erosive rains. Conservation Tillage Impact on Soil Aggregation, Organic Matter Turnover and Biodiversity Chapter April with 1, Reads How we measure 'reads'.

Conservation tillage (CT) is a key tool in sustainable production systems throughout the world. It has been particularly effective at sustaining crop production in semi-arid rain-fed regions. Wherever potential evaporation exceeds precipitation during most months of the year, proper application of water-conserving CT technology is critical.

Agriculture and the Environment. From help in mitigating Assessing the potential for conservation tillage book losses in runoff and drainage, to offering nutrient management workshops and strip tillage-demonstrations, Water Resource Center researchers work closely with farmers throughout the state on practices to improve the quality and quantity of Minnesota’s water supply.

conservation-tillage farming crop cultivation in which the soil is disturbed little (minimum-tillage farming) or nat at all (no-till farming) to reduce soil erosion, lower labour costs, and save energy. Conservation tillage practices are grouped into three types: no-till, ridge- till, and mulch-till.

Keep in mind that no one conservation tillage method is best for all fields. Decisions should be based on the severity of the erosion problem, soil type, crop rotation, latitude, available equipment, and management skills.

The Natural Resource Conservation Service, US Department of Agriculture, defines conservation tillage as “any tillage and planting system in which at least 30 percent of the soil surface is covered by plant residue after planting to reduce soil erosion by water, or where soil erosion by wind is the primary concern of at least 1, pounds per.

The National Corn Handbook. last updated Ma NCH-1 Assessing Hail Damaged Corn. NCH-2 The Philosophy of Soil Testing. NCH-3 Corn Plant Growth - from seed to seedling NCH-4 Corn disease management.

NCH-5 Popcorn production and marketing (Revised) NCH-6 Deveoping Maximum Economic Yield Systems for Corn. Potential impact of conservation tillage on conserving water resources in Georgia. Journal of Soil and Water Conservation.

Ammonia and nitrous oxide emissions from surface applied poultry litter under conservation tillage management practices. Conservation tillage is part of a system of crop production designed to minimize soil disturbance, maintain previous crop residue on or near the soil surface and minimize the number of field operations.

Weeds primarily are controlled with herbicides and fertilizers are applied in ways that minimize soil disturbance. Conservation tillage seeding equipment often is designed as a "one-pass. UNIT 7 apes. STUDY.

Flashcards. Learn. Write. Spell. Test. PLAY. Match. Gravity. Created by. conservation tillage. method in which soil is distributed little or not at all in order to reduce soil erosion, lower labor costs, and save energy.

contour planting. plowing and planting across a changing slope of land to retain water and reduce. CONSERVATION TILLAGE SYSTEMS. Conservation tillage systems (described below) can be an important part of a sustainable agricultural system, in that they can be used to decrease soil erosion losses ordinarily associated with typical US agricultural practices.

It is important to remember that anything that is done to decrease erosion losses also decreases the need to add as much fertilizer. conservation crop rotation, in integrated system, conservation tillage plays an important role in improving both runoff to streams, rivers, and lakes as well as water that finds its way into aquifers).

by gallons/acre compared to intensive tillage). • Improves wildlife. Accelerated erosion as a result of human and animal activities, including tillage is a major environmental and economic problem throughout the world. The severity of soil erosion and changes on soil as a whole is a result of a combination of factors which include tillage and management practices (Moore et al, ).

Conventional agricultural practices. Assessing the impacts of different land uses and soil and water conservation interventions on runoff and sediment yield at different scales in the central highlands of Ethiopia - Tesfaye Yaekob, Lulseged Tamene, Solomon G.

Gebrehiwot, Solomon S. Demissie, Zenebe Adimassu, Kifle Woldearegay, Kindu Mekonnen, Tilahun Amede, Wuletawu Abera, John W. Recha, Dawit Solomon. United States Environmental Protection Agency Environmental Research Laboratory Athens GA Research and Development EPA/S Sept. Project Summary Conservation Tillage and Conventional Tillage: A Comparative Assessment Pierre Crosson The objective of this study was to reach a judgment of the amount of U.S.

cropland likelyto be insome form of conservation tillage in Chapter II. Literature Review Conservation tillage Conservation tillage is a residue management system in which a crop is planted into a herbicide killed sod or mulched soil using minimal soil disturbance (Link ).

The United States Department of Agriculture Natural Resource and Conservation ServiceFile Size: 46KB. Variable rainfall, water stress, and spring frost are the main challenges for cereal growers in the Mediterranean region.

The potential of wheat and barley to adapt to contrasting weather conditions was investigated through the adoption of no-till, supplemental irrigation and drought tolerant cultivars over a period of three years. Seasonal precipitation wasand mm in the first Author: Marie Therese Abi Saab, Mohamed Houssemeddine Sellami, Pasquale Giorio, Angelo Basile, Antonello Bon.

Changes in soil organic carbon and nitrogen as affected by tillage and residue management under wheat–maize cropping system in the North China Plain. Soil Tillage Res. – [Google Scholar] Du Z, Ren T, Hu C.

Tillage and residue removal effects on soil carbon and nitrogen storage in the North China Plain. Soil Sci Soc Am by: Conservation Tillage The objective of conservation tillage is to provide a means of profitable crop production while minimizing soil ero-sion due to wind and/or water. The emphasis is on soil conservation, but conserving soil moisture, energy, labor, and even equipment provides additional benefits.

To be considered conservation tillage, the File Size: KB. Minimum tillage farming involves some disturbance of the soil, but uses tillage equipment that leaves much of the vegetative cover or crop residue on the surface. Funding Source. The State of Maryland offers an income tax subtraction modification to help farmers offset costs associated with buying certain types of conservation tillage equipment.

Together with cover crops, conservation tillage has the potential to reduce erosion, increase rainfall infiltration, reduce subsurface compaction, and maximize soil organic carbon accumulation, which positively affects many soil physical and chemical properties.

Extension specialist: David Wright. Abstract. Accelerated soil erosion induced by human activities is a primary cause of soil degradation worldwide. The main driver behind the problem is agriculture, and at stake is the long-term sustainability of global agricultural production capacity.

Long-Term Conventional and No-tillage Systems Compared - Duration: Univ of Wisconsin Integrated Pest and Crop Managementviews. Conservation tillage in central Iowa. Leaving crop residues on the soil surface at harvest reduces soil erosion significantly.

Photograph by Tim McCabe, courtesy of the USDA NRCS. USDA NRCS. Residue and Tillage Management, No Till. Conservation Practice Standard Overview 1.

Washington, D.C.: : Colby Moorberg, Matthew Brungardt, Ryan Burns, Elliott Carver, Laura Starr, Mackenzie Tynon, Chris W. No-Tillage Seeding in Conservation Agriculture, 2nd ed.

Oxford, UK: CAB International/Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations. Google Scholar CTIC (Conservation Technology Information Center). For information onthe potential for organic conservation tillage, request the ATTRA publication Pursuing ConservationTillage for Organic Crop 2 //CONSERVATION TILLAGE 3.

There are several good sources of information on cultural methods, equipment, and managementfor designing a sustainable no-till cropping system. Conservation Tillage Conservation tillage, or "no-till" farming, has become increasingly popular as a way to reduce soil erosion, increase organic matter, and enhance soil physical properties.

The effect of no-till versus conventional production practices on soil ecology was studied as the initial experiment on the CEFS Conservation. The objective of this study is to reach a judgment of the amount of U.S. cropland likely to be in some form of conservation tillage in The future spread of conservation tillage will be conditioned primarily by farmers' perceptions of its economic advantages relative to conventional tillage and by the society's perceptions of its advantages and disadvantages with respect to the environment.

Conservation tillage reduces water and wind erosion by at least 40 to 50 percent. This practice also improves organic matter content near the surface of the soil. As with all things, conservation tillage has its advantages and disadvantages when com-pared to conventional tillage.

Soil prepared by conservation tillage tends to be cooler File Size: 2MB. Conservation tillage also reduces erosion and improves the soil’s ability to absorb water and hold it. As a result, less topsoil is lost. On irrigated cropland, less energy is required for watering because plant residue can help to hold moisture in the soil for crops to use.It contributes to environmental conservation as well as to enhanced and sustained agricultural production (FAO, ).

No-tillage, direct sowing, direct drilling and conservation tillage all aim to achieve conservation by:   Collembola are soil dwelling organisms that provide important ecosystem services within soils.

To increase realism in evaluating potential effects of plant protection products a Collembola two-generation study was developed. This test assesses the potential for recovery of Collembola when exposed to plant protection products. Juvenile individuals of Folsomia candida (Willem, Ann Soc Cited by:

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